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Install (La)TeX System on Windows

Actually, the TeX system install on windows is not difficult, in part, due to MikTeX that incorpolate ghostscript and some tools, presenting easy to install interface. The almost LaTeX editor for windows consider to using MikTeX and has configured ou auto configure for it.
But the large number of applications to help the TeX sistem such as graphics editor, BibTeX editor, etc require attention. This text help to install TeX sismtem and accessories near to supported by linux. The work to install depend mainlly the amount of accessories that are installed.

In way to install only the LyX in the fast way, see the LyX section.

Table of Contents

For other softwares, see the Helper Applications.

Minimum Requirements

Recomended that are using Windows 2000/XP/2003/Vista or equivalent.
Several applications inclusing MikTeX, does not run on the Win9x/NT/ME that the Microsoft does not support now, and it lack apropriate update of the system. In way to help little amount of preson that are installing TeX and accessories on the win9x/NT/ME, the applications that does not run on older Windows has reamrk.


Simpler install

MikTeX

site: http://miktex.org/
The TeX is main applications on LaTeX document generation process. The mos recomended TeX system for Windows is the MikTeX. Ohter TeX will be shosen, if using oldest Windows or processing non-european language.


The MikTeX has the two setup options:
Basic version: It is small and can be downloaded and installed fastly, but large knd of packages are skiped on install. When detect some package used in (La)TeX document that are not installed, the MikTeX install it from internet (or local repository). If internet becames offline, or are using older version that support period is ended, can not install new packages. Thus, basic version are recomended only when lack fast internet conection to download complete versions.
Versão completa: The complete version install all available packages at once and does not require internet conection after install.

Note that the older versxion of MikTeX becames unsupported and new version will run only on more recent version of Windows. Thus, on older windows, are strongly recomended to install complete versions. of MikTeX and keep complete file set of installer to prevent the case that need to reinstall Wiindows.

The complete version are installed by Net Installer that store downloaded files in some folders. Thus, keep atention to does not loss these files, if want to backup installer.

From the MikTeX site, download the "MikTeX net installer".
Create one folder and copy the installer inside it.
Create subfolder inside to store automatic downloaded files (step 5).

When execute, is ask some qestions like
1. "MikTeX Cpying conditions Acept the license term and click on [next]
2. "Task", Select "download"
3. "package set": Complete MikTeX
4. "Doenload source" Select nearest place.
5. "MikTeX Distribution Directory": Select the folder to store automatic downloaded files to use in the future.
  Recomended to store in subfolder inside where stored the installer. (It is large number of files).
6. It show informations. Click on "Start" to begin the download process.

It show two progress bar. The first one is the file download status and the seccond one is global process.
If need to turn off the computer, click on cancel.

To resume the download, repeat the above process. The MikTeX installer will continue for file that are not downloaded yet.

Obs.: After finish, I prefer to execute the process more once to guarantee that does not have omitted files. On the older installers, it will occur on net conection error and no proper message apear.

Now, the install step.

Execute the installed again.
1. "MikTeX Cpying conditions" Acept.
2. "Task": Select "install"
3. "package set": Complete MikTeX
4.  "MikTeX Distribution Directory": Select the folder that store downloaded files ((same ones selected on step 5 of download).

Now, install wich defualt options. Before start to install, the installed check if all files is on the folder and it take some bit of times.
It show two progress bar. First is the individual files and seccond one are global progress.

More on MikTeX, see Mik TeX (detail).

LyX

site: http://www.lyx.org
The LyX is an editor that seems like Office applications (MS Office Open/Libre Office), but compile document using LaTeX systems. The LyX installer will install MikTeX too, but the default version used by it is basic ones plus some additional packages. If desire to have full functionality of (La)TeX, install complete version of MikTeX before LyX.
Download and install with default options.
The tutorial and user guide are avaible fron help menu.
Since LyX are developed with (La)TeX in the mind, the knowledge of (La)TeX increase significantly the LyX user experience. Thus, are strongly recomended to study basic of LaTeX.
Starting with version 2.0, LyX support real time spell checking. To activate,  enter on  "tools->preferences", and on
[language settings]->[spell checker], select "enchant" or like for "spell checker engine" and check the "spell check continuouslly".

More on LyX, see LyX (detail).

TeXMaker

site: http://www.xm1math.net/texmaker/
In way to edit LaTeX source code, the TeXMaker is one of most recomended ones. Since (La)TeX became standard to elaborate scientific papers, books, and like, the source code editiong is one of requirement for adjoijnt works with other perons. The code generated byt LyX is very clean, but not exactly suitable for colaborative editions, unless al member use LyX.
The TeXMaker is cross platform and has version that will executed directly from pendrive too.
Download and install the TeXMaker wit default options.
In way to increase usability, will change sometings on configuration.

To configure, enter on the menu
Options->Configure TeXMaker


Encooding:
If wnat to use accented letter from keyboard.
The setup is on the item [Editor]

To use unicode (will use any character)
[Editor]
  Editor font encoding: UTF-8
Note: put \usepacage[utf8]{inputenc} on LaTeX document.

For encoodings used by portuguese version of Windows.
[Editor]
  Editor font encoding: ISO8859-1
Observação: Put \usepackage[latin1]{inputenc} on LaTeX document.
Note: There exists several LaTeX editor on windows that does not support unicode.
The ISO-8859-1 or like will be choosen to deelop adjoint works with these users.

Starting with 2.3, TeXMaker verify the encoodings of file to open and ask for encoodings, if it is different of default setup.

SyncTeX
The synctex permit to sincronize editor and PDF viewer like made on classical Editor+DVI viewer.
To activate synctex, put "--synctex=1" (or "-synctex=1") in the latex and pdflatex command line, on item [comandos] of setup.

It becames like these.

[Commands]
  latex: latex -interaction=nonstopmode --synctex=1 %.tex
  pdflatex: pdflatex -interaction=nonstopmode --synctex=1 %.tex

Caution: Do not use space or punctuated character on tex file name or folder name. The space and/or punctuated character on source file path will cause loss of inverse search functionality of TeXMaker.

spell checking
It will activated on item [Editor] of setup.
On the "spelling dictionary", select the desired language ones and keep "inline" checked.

The default ones does not install portuguese ones.
If want to instal this ones, go to
http://www.broffice.org/verortografico/baixar
In the section "VERO - VERIFICADOR ORTOGRÁFICO - para o BrOffice.org versão 2.X"
Select the item "Verificador Ortográfico" in way to download "pt_BR-2010-10-30AOC3.zip".

Open the zipped file and copy the files pt_BR.dic and pt_BR.aff  to TeXMaker's folder.
(c:\program files\texmaker).

[Editor]
"spelling ditionary", click on file selector and select pt_BR

Remark: If can not open the zipped file, install the 7-Zip that is most recomended free archive manager: http://www.7-zip.org/

Some features of TeXMaker
Reamrk for TeXNicCenter's user: Different of TeXNicCenter, the TeXMaker does not call BibTeX and  MakeIndex uatomatically. Use the "tools" menu for these.

More on TeXMaker, see TeXMaker/TeXMakerX (detail).

Others

some important additional applications
The tecnology or science, will require more specific applications.

More for these and other applications, see the section Helper Applications.

Aditional PS/PDF Viewer

In contrast of linux, the freeware for windows to view PDF file on windows are bit smaller. At now, the only one PDF viewer on windows developed to support TeX systems (considerinf commertial one too). The good news is that this viewer is open source.

SumatraPDF

site: http://blog.kowalczyk.info/software/sumatrapdf/index.html
Sumatra PDF is the light weight open sourced PDF viewer and has implemented especial features to support (La)TeX. At the moment (April of 2009), unique PDF viewer for windows that supportting SyncTeX (PDF sync). The Sumatra PDF recognize file change and reload automatically, helping the editor without PDF sync features.
Note that the Adobe Reader look the openned file, and require several workaround on the editor.
In way to configure SyncTeX (PDF sync) feature, see the form on TeXMakerX site or TeXnicCenter section, depending of your prefered editor. Note that the command line option -reuse-instanceof the sumatraPDF for "single instance" mode does not work property and the developers are trying to fix. In the case that use the PDF sync, it is not the problem because SyncTeX (PDF sync) use DDE to communicate instead of command line interface.
Remark: Sumatra PDF does not work well in the Win9x. In this case, will use freeware Foxit Reader that does not have TeX support, but is lightweight. than the Adobe Reader. FoxIt Reader is not open source, but distributed as freeware.

Adobe Reader (new name for Acrobat Reader)

site: http://www.adobe.com/br/products/reader/
Adobe Reader are not light weight, but is official PDF reader and support all features of PDF's inclusing special effect on the PDF presentations.  If the computer is not much older, are recomended to install it, to print PDF document with more quality and controled form.
Remember that Adobe Reader are not suitable to develop document in TeX because loock opened PDF file in way to increase navegation and file access. some editor solve this problem, closing the PDF document before compile, but not all editors can return to page positioned before compilation performed. In way to help editor without ou incomplete support of Adobe Reader, the MikTeX becames to incorpolate some small tools like pdfopen, pdfclose to help the editor. The setup to use these tools are not explained here. Assume to use sumatraPDF that are suitable for TeX development and has SyncTeX (PDF sync) features. At the moment, only the sumatra PDF has SyncTeX (PDF sync) features on windows (april of 2009).
In way to install Adobe Reader, download version corresponding to Windows in use. For asian ou Central European PDF support, need additional fonts from the site
http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/acrrasianfontpack.html

Ghost Script/GhostView

site: http://pages.cs.wisc.edu/~ghost/
Ghost Script+GS View are used to visualizar/converter/manage documents and pictures in the format PS/EPS and PDF. In way to convert these ones to editable vector format, will use "edit->convert to vector format" from GS View, if pstoedit are installed. using pstoedit, the format supported increase over native ones (that is "file->contert"). For TeX users, are recomended to install these tools.  Caution for install/update because these applications work only if are using vesion compatible ones.
it is rarelly user to view/print PDF document, the  Ghost script+Ghost view can print with quality bether than the Adobe Reader if has bitmaped fonts or pictures inside PDF. In contrast, the screen view are slow and low quality.
For viewing/printing/processing ps (Post Script) and pictures in ps, eps, it is indispensable tools. The MikTeX incorpolated their own ghostscript, but it is not suffices to more complex work.
Note that the ghostscript need to installed before gsview.

Note for administrator: if you wanto that gsview became configured for all users, note that the GhostView keep setuo per user, but it permit to configure for all users. Edit the file gsview32.ini on the c:\arquivos de programas\ghostgum\gsview and put lines like
[GSview-4.8]
Version=4.8
GSversion=853
GhostscriptDLL=c:\arquivos de programas\gs\gs8.53\bin\gsdll32.dll
GhostscriptInclude=c:\arquivos de programas\gs\gs8.53\Resource;c:\arquivos de programas\gs\gs8.53\lib;c:\gs\fonts
[Ghostscript]
Other=-dNOPLATFONTS -sFONTPATH="c:\psfonts"
Configured=1
where 4.8 is the version of GSView and 853 is the version of the ghostscript, thet need to adjusted according to version installed. Updating the gsview/ghostscript, need to adjust version number and the PATH.

Printing from GSView
the "mswinpr2" driver of Ghostscript for native printing on Windows use the format DIB (Device Independent bitmap) and it loss speed performance. If have apropriate driver for your printer, will configurate to use. See the site http://www.cs.wisc.edu/~ghost/doc/printer.htm for Ghostscript printer driver  description.
Teh GSView has three option for "print method":
Remark 1: In the case that ghsotcript is updated and gs view does not work correctly, enter on  options->easy configure on the GhostView and select the correct version.
Remark 2: is recomended that the old version of ghostscript are uninstalled and their folder removed,  before install new version.
Remark 3: To use GhostScript from command line, need to add on PATH of Windows. It is important to increase functionallity of inkscape such as eps/pdf import or inserting LaTeX formula via textext (the inkscape require that pstoedit is installed and added to PATH too).
In the case of Windows 2000/XP, enter on Start->Control Painel->System->Advanced->Environment variables.
Add the PATH for Ghost script on the variable PATH of system.
;c:\program files\gs\gs8.53\bin;c:\Program Files\gs\gs8.53\lib;
In the win9x/ME case, edit the autoexec.bat and add the line
path=%path%;c:\Program Files\gs\gs8.53\bin;c:\Program Files\gs\gs8.53\lib;
Win 9x/ME need to rebooted.
The PATH need to be adjusted when update the ghostscript.
Remark 4: In way to support japanese, use the version from W32TeX, on the japanese page of W32TeX. Read the instruction to instal and configure.

pstoedit (opcional)

site: http://www.pstoedit.net/
This is the converter of postscript/PDF to other vector formats. The inkscape use to import eps/pdf and/or insert LaTeX formula.

Remark 1: The user of Windows before XP/2003 need to install MSVC Run Time Library 7 that probably not installed. Download from pstoedit site and unpack to folder that pstoedit is installed.
Remark 2: The pstoedit require updated version of ghost script.

pdfcreator

site: http://sourceforge.net/projects/pdfcreator/
One of form to create PDF file from application that does not support PDF is to install Post Script printer driver and print to file (thus generate PS file) and convert it to PDF. This procedure are common before PDF writer released by Adobe. The free solution will obtained by printer redirection and ghostscript, described in  http://pages.cs.wisc.edu/~ghost/redmon/en/redmon.htm, of the site GhostScript. Actually, the PDFCreator (that use ghostscript internally), give easy open source solution for PDF writer. it is easy to install and use as "PDF writer" from Adobe. The LaTeX produce hight quality PDF, but is important to have PDFCreator installed in way to produce PDF from applications that does not support PDF export. If have ghostscript 8.14 or highter installed, will uncheck the "install ghost script" on the  "other options" during PDFCreator install (not necessary). After install, need to reboot computer.
Remark: If PDFCreator warn for ghostscript, will be the error on ghostscript version detection. Open the PDFcreator ("Start->Programs->PDFcreator->PDFcreator") and on "printer->options", select the "program->ghostscript". On the "ghostscriptversion", select the correct version  (PDFCreator require 8.14 or highter).

MikTeX (required) (detail)

site: http://miktex.org/
TeX is responsible for main job for document typeset, and the MikTeX is most recomended one for Windows user.

Basic: Require about only 100MB of space on the disk and will installed fastly. Recomended for low resource computer. If are connected to the internet, or have complete file set downloaded, will install additional packages when is reuired. The Mik TeX ask for need package install. Other option is to install basic version and using package manager (start->programas->Mik TeX->Mik TeX package manager) and install required ones, but not is easy to perform. to install basic version download the basic-miktex-???.exe .
Complete: Require about 700 to 800 MB of space on the disk. If the space is not the problem, recomeded to install complete set. In this case, the install process require more time due to unpacking 700MB of the files. This package set comtain all package installed on linux/unix, plus some additional ones. download the  setup-???.exe and folows ttheir instructions. In the first run, select "download" the files. The download will be interrupted and continued in other days. The case of network problem or computer shutdown, the setup will remember last downloaded file and continue for next ones. The download require time because the file set is size of one CD. Note that the older version becames unsupported and can not install additional package from NetWork. If complete set are installed, no problem in this case bacause all required package is on disk.
When all file set are downloaded and setup exit, restart the setup and select "install". If ask for "local package repository" that will occur if installing on computer different of ones used for download, give the folder containning package file set (if not remember, use windows explorer. The folder contain very large number of files).
If asked for paper, give A4.

After install, call the yap one time (start->Program->MikTeX->DVI Viewer) and close it. By this action, some information on the yap are stored in way to help the setup of editor.

Remark 1: The default language for hiphenation is english, German and some others. if You are using other language, need to activate. Enter on "MikTex Options" ("start->programs->Mik Tex->MikTex Options") and on panel "language", check the your desired ones and click on OK.
If using \usepackage[<your lang>]{babel} on the document and appear warn on the hiphenation, probably the language are not activated. In the case that are using other distribution of TeX or want to perform manually, edit the file "language.dat" from the folder "c:\Program Files\miktex 2.7\tex\generic\config" and uncomment the lines
%<yourt lang>       <corresponding files>
%=<your lang>
that becames
<yourt lang>       <corresponding files>
=<your lang>
and recompile tha format files.
Remark 2: Using the panel "root", will add/remove texmf tree, such as  c:\localtexmf. It is usefull to integrate other compatible TeX system or performming install on the network. When install on the server on network, recomended to set two texmf tee: one is the texmf teee os TeX on server (ex.: \\server\applications\texmf) that is read only and other is for local computer to store PK fonts and user installed packages (ex.: c:\localtexmf).
Remark 3: T update MikTeX, use the MikTeX Update Wizard (start->Programs->MikTeX->MikTeX Update Wizard) that will choice between internet and local folder (ex. pendrive).
Remark 4: If eps picture support on PDFLaTeX, active the write18 in way to permit that the (La)TeX execute external commands (it is disabled due to security). With write18 enabled, will use \usepackage{epstopdf} in the preamble of document and eps figure are converted automatically to pdf during pdflatex call.
Ro activate write18, edit the file miktex.ini on
c:\Program Files\miktex 2.7\miktex\config (or a like) and change the line linha
write18 = disable
to
write18 = enable
Remark 5: The documents are placed inside the folder "doc" of "texmf" tree (c:\Program Files\miktex 2.7). The most important ones are
The document of package are stored inside of doc\generic or doc\latex, depending if package for all TeX or package specific for laTeX. some of these documents will not compiled yet. If the document is not found (for example, only readme is found), check if the folder with same name is on the "source" or "source\latex". These folder contain source file (dtx and ins) of package. Copy the files dtx and ins to temporary folder and execute the latex as
c:\temp>latex [dtx file with extension]
if have index, cross reference, etc, will need to compile several times. Note that the requirement of .dtx for latex calling is the fact that the filename without extension are assumed as .tex by latex (processing the file ins, obtain the sty file or like for the package).
The command line
texdoc  <package name>
search for documents and open it, but not all documents will opend by this.
The generic additional documents on (La)TeX in on http://www.tug.orge http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/info/
Remark 6: The additional package that not the part of MikTeX ones, need to installed manually, using TDS (TeX Directory Structure) used on almost TeX sistems.
After install, enter on "Mik Tex Options" ("start->programs->Mik Tex-> Miktex Options") and on painel "roots", select the "texmf" that put the file and click on "raflash FNDB".
Note that the manually installed package can not removed by "Mik TeX Package Manager".
Remark 7: The TeXify implemented in MikTeX automate the repated call of latex and friends if necessary, to solve cross references (seems that contex made this kind of task, but I'm not checked). The optional parameter for TeXify open the resulting DVI or PDF on the success. See the MikTeX documents to configure your editor to use TeXify. Note that the TeXnicCenter solved problem of BibTex and MakeIndex calling internally, and use of  TeXify is not necessary. The TeXMaker has similar function called quick build that will be configured.
Remark 8: The MikTeX incorpolate tex4ht to convert LaTeX to HTML or like. some of most important commands are:
htlatex: HTML with equation as image (require imagemagick).
htmlatex: HTML with equation as MathML.
oolatex: Open Office documents with equations.
Note that the recent version of Open Office will export as LaTeX using plugins. Activating the conversion of Microsoft Equations on open documents, will used to convert MS Word document to LaTeX too )Open Office support conversion of Microsoft Equations, but no of Math Type).
Remark 9:: The MikTeX does not work on 9x/ME. If the caase, see the Ohet TeX

Configure yap

Start the yap (start->programs->MikTeX->DVI viewer)
inverse search: On "view->options: inverse search: in the "program", select the prefered editor (after editor configured). If editor is not on the list, will added by [new]. Proceeds according to your prefered editor to setup.
graphics quality: on the "view->options", in the "postscript", in "quality", select 256 color. It increase viewing speed.
printer: is not recomended to print from yap, but if want it, setup correctly on  "view->options", in the "printer" and "display", select the printer with same resolution of your ones (DPI). If not have some model, select other wit same resolution (DPI).

Remark 1: The old version of yap does not print eps picture on non postscript printer. I don't know if new one is able to do.
The yap does not support all graphics resources, but support almost ones such as \resizebox, \rotatebox, etc. The psfrag is supported only partially. One of most complete DVI viewer is DVI Out, but for person that does not need japanese support, yap becames with almost wanted features for development, because is recomended to use PDF as format to final document (dvi is used for development).
Remark 2:  yap and dvips of MikTeX support bmp, but bmp is special format of windows and their use in document loss portability to other platform that considered one of most important thinks of LaTeX documents. To use correctly, convert to eps (for dvi and ps) or  jpg (for pdflatex) that is format universally accepted by LaTeX on any platform. Remember to use compression on eps to reduce bitmap size. The sam2p or magick will used for this. If insist in use of bmp , note that if occur error on MikTeX due to bmp, add the line  \DeclareGraphicsRule{.bmp}{bmp}{}{} after \usepackage{graphicx} (and before \begin{document}). On the \includegraphics, need to specify width and height (need both).

Problem of "LaTeX source files more than 5 years old!"
When install LaTeX after more than 5 years relative to their release, it compile nothings ant appear the message "LaTeX source files more than 5 years old!".
It is the form to force the use of more recent TeX system.
If need to install older Mik TeX distribution, Install it normally and after install, change the system time to year near to release date.
Now, enter on
Start->Programms->Mik TeX->MikTeX Options
and on the tab [general], click on "update format files"
After this, restore system time. Now, TeX works normally.

Other TeX

There exist several TeX system differnt of MikTeX.

fpTex implements almost tools from teTex and has package set equivalent to teTex on the linux and largelly used, but the friendly package manager of MikTeX becames popular for windows user. The MikTeX increases their package set to became complete set. Actually, MikTeX are most recomened one. But if installing on older version of windows, you will need pTeX. pfTeX is web2c compliant and is easy to use alternative DVI viewer.

W32TeX is the japanese TeX, but work well on all version of windows. This distribution has most rapid bug fix and updates (for example, problem on eps figure due to bug on Adobe Ilustrator/Distiller are contorned and produce PDF that does not cause problem on bug of Acrobat Reader). It incorpolate the new tecnologies such as luaTeX and XeTeX before other distributions. Based on pTeX, permit to typeset japanese document in any version of windoss and DVI Out recomended to this, has advanced features. In way to visualize japanese DVI on non japanese windows, need some setup over fonts. For use of source specials, see their HELP. if last vesion of DVI Out is desired, see ftp://akagi.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/pub/TeX/dviout/test/ that contain test version. Write over stable version (test version is missing some files). Since W32TeX, does not use register, will installed on system having other TeX or put into removable media, but need caution when use two TeX system. The negative point is that the package set is not much complete. if teTex equvalent package set is wanted, need to obtain from MikTeX or  fpTeX ones and unpack to their texmf tree. other negative point is the DVI viewer (DVI Out) is bit slower due to sophistications (yap becames slower too, but). alternativelly, windvi of fpTeX will used, but windvi distributed separated of fptex does not have decent support for source specials (suport only the inverse search).
One of alternative compile step is to compile as DVI, convert to PDF using dvipdfmx and view the PDF. On recent LaTeX editors, setup like this is not dificult.

The EmTeX is the most used Tex/LaTex for DOS/Windows at long time, but it is outdated. Use it only if need to use (La)TeX on DOS or Windows 3.xx.

DVI Out and japanese fonts

To typeset japanese documents, will use TeXMaker+W32TeX and visualize the PDF document generated by dvipdfmx (not the dvipdfm) from DVI. At now, pdflatex does not support japanese directly (to use PDFL:aTeX on japanese document, need auxiliar converter descrived in W32TeX's site). If want to use "source specials", will configure DVI Out for japanese DVI.
To DVI Out display japanese DVI on non japanese windows, need the japanese fonts msgothic.ttf/msmincho.ttf or msgothic.ttc/msmincho.ttc (instalable from asian support from Windows install CD). The font will found on http://ftp.monash.edu.au/pub/nihongo/00INDEX.html
If install from Windows CD, is ttc. Now, enter on command line as administrator and execute the ttindex from dviout folder.
c:\Program Files\dviout>ttindex c:\windows\msmincho.ttc
c:\Program Files\dviout>ttindex c:\windows\msgothic.ttc
If using ttf,
c:\Program Files\dviout>ttindex c:\windows\msmincho.ttf
c:\Program Files\dviout>ttindex c:\windows\msgothic.ttf
Create the configuration file fontjp.vfn.  Copy the dvioute.vfn from utility subfolder and enable gothic and disable cmr10 (if bakoma font not installed).

The fontjp.vfn see like this (non comment part)

%version = 2
%vfont_list
  1,            ^w\fonts\msmincho,           1000, 1000,   0
  2,            ^w\fonts\msgothic,           1000, 1000,   0
#  3,            ^w\fonts\msmincho,           1000, 1000,   0
#  4,            ^w\fonts\msgothic,           1000, 1000,   0
  5,        "cmr10"
%jfm_list
#  name    No. flat   sw    yfat    novec  f_goth  rot
#--------+----+--+--+----+--------+-------+------+-----
 min,      1,  a, a, n40, 100;0;0,      ,     ,     0
 goth,     2,  a, a, n40, 100;0;0,      ,    1,     0
 tmin,     1,  a, a, n40, 100;0;0,      ,     ,     1
 tgoth,    2,  a, a, n40, 100;0;0,      ,    1,     1
 default,  1,  a, b, n,     0;0;0,      ,    1,     0
 tdefault, 1,  a, b, n,     0;0;0,      ,    1,     1
# Europian Language TrueType font
  edefault, 5,  a, a, n,     0;0;0,      ,     1,    0

  On the setup panel of DVI Out, in the [jfont2], select fontjp.vfn as setup file. If editing the dviout setup file dviout.par, insert the line
vfn=^x\dvioute.vfn    # cannot use ^r

Note that the DVI Out save setup performed by GUI to register instead of file dviout.par. If perform setup editing the file dviout.par, DVI Out became protable.
See the example included in DVI Out as start point.

LaTeX Editor

There exists several open sourced LaTeX editor, each with specific features or negative point. Actually, the TeX support officially the uft8 coding, by \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} on the preamble of documents. But, several LaTeX editor for windows omit utf8 support. The TeXMaker presented here has utf8 and several others codding support, but the TeXnicCenter does not.
The character with accent directly from keyboard input depends on the codding used. The TeX on linux use utf8 nativelly (when compiling on linux, the \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} are not necessary on preamble) to prevent problem and support several languages as unified form (not only the accentuated character used in portugeuse ). In the contrast, almost of Windows user in Bazil use latin1 (iso-8859-1) that is the codding used nativelly on portuguese version of windows. This is the major cause of problem of portability of (La)TeX doement between windows and linux in Brazil. If have similar problem and hope to eliminate problem, need to use accent by TeX command instead of keyboard input. (except for LyX that store in unicode and convert to apropriate codding when compile).

LyX (detail)

site: http://www.lyx.org/
LyX is the WYSIWYG (What You See is What You Get)  style LaTeX editorthat use LaTeX to process documents, in similar way to Scientific Work Place (comercial) for windows, TeXMacs (freeware) for Linux (run on windows using cygwin) and edoc (freeware - cross platform). edoc seems good editor, but it doen not have apropriate support for equations. TeXmacs is not light weight, but is usefull to produce scientific report due to CAS (Computer Algebvra Sistem) integration like MathCAD (comercial) for windows. The Scientific Work Place (comercial) has similar support, but the LyX skip almost of these features and becames most light weight and effcient ones to edit document (comparation include comercial ones).
These kind of applications are not the "front end". The user does not necessary to know laTex comand. The text will edited as text editor and the mathematical equations, indec entry, cross reference, etc will created using menu and tools bar. But due to LaTeX command support on LyX and TeXMacs, permit to input LaTeX sequence of command inside formula that are interpreted and converted automatically to corresponding equations. Thus, is not necessary to use mouse, increasing significantly the typeset speed (who does not know LaTeX, will thing that use of mouse is easy form, but direct typping of  LaTeX command is much faster than use of mouse -- seems that the sequence of command on Scientific Work Place to produce equations are not same of the LaTeX ones. It is problematic for users). Due to these, the document editing on document with mathematical formula on LyX and TeXMacs are too fast as source code editing. To support more advanced user,  the LyX permit to insert LaTeX command block directly into document. Thus will use user defined command, or command that are not suported by LyX user interface, or that the user does not know how to perform on LyX..
The interface of LyX is similar to the comercial editor Scientific Work Place for Windows, but LyX is lightweight and integrate very well with LaTeX. Due to friendly interface, will produce hight quality document without or with small bit of LaTeX knowledge. Learnning more laTeX commands, increase typeset speed. In general, the medium knowledge on LaTeX will typeset more fast than basic knowledge ones. Thus, is recomended to study LaTeX  in way to increase document typeseting. The most significant diference is typeset of formula that keyboard is much faster than mouse click. The LaTeX source code exported by LyX is very celan. It was good LaTeX file import features too.
When some eror occur on compile time (if insert mistake command manually, will occur error when visualize/update DVI, PS or PDF), the error are marked using one icone on corresponding positin and the navegation tools will search these errors. When clicked on these icon, the LaTeX error are showed.
The Windows version of installer download/install all required tools, except the PS and  PDF viewer. Is recomended to install PS/PDF viewer before LyX. Note that Adobe Reader lock opened file, LyX can not update PDF file. To solve this problem, use sumatra PDF. For the install on system without network connection, the "bundle" version of installer contain all accessories except the MikTeX.  Note that the MikTeX that LyX install is Basic set. I think that almost ones want to use complete set. Of the case, install MikYeX before LyX to skip MikTeX install no LyX installer.
The very complete user manual and guide are on the help and is recomended to read.

When the setup of accesories like viewer, TeX, etc, is changed, the "tools->reconfigure" perform automatic setup (need to run for each user. If desire to applied for all user, reinstall LyX).

the spell checker: The "word list" will selected to be downloaded/installed during intall process. The spell checker is started by F7 or by menu "tools->spellchecker". The check start on the cursor position. If occur error saying that can not read the word for langage xxx", instead of check start, the corresponding one are not installed.
To add more "dictionary" (word list) that are not installed during LyX install, run the installer again and on "Reinstall", uncheck the "reinstall lyx 1.6.2-1 program files" and on the dictionary, specify your desired ones to be installed.
For brazilian, note that the portuguese word list has not the new grammar rule at now (April of 2009). In contrast of TeXMaker and TeXnicCenter, LyX does not accept spell check dictionary from Open Office ones. Thus, need to wait for someboy compile new one for aspell (used by LyX).
On 2.0, the dictionary list of Open Office 2.0 are supported and spell check in real time will be activated.
In way to activate real time spell checking, enter on "tools->settings" and on [language settings]->[spell checking], check the "spellcheck continuously".

the instant preview
The LaTeX code inserted such as picture using LaTeX packages will compiled and displayed for previsualization inset called "instant preview inset". To activate, enter on "tools->preferences" aon on the  [display], "instant preview", select  "no math" ("on" actiave instant preview on math formula too).
On the LaTeX code inset or like, click on right button of mouse and select"wrap by preview". Other way to create "instant preview" over the selected portion of document is to use "insert->preview" from the menu.

some notes on mathematical formula: The Lyx and TexMacs insert pair  {} uutomatically when are typping commands. Thus, x^12 are converted correctly as  x^{12}, but x^2_i are converted as x^{2_{i}}. When require that is x^2_i, need to type x^2<space or right arrow>_i that are converted correctly to x^{2}_{i}. The similar fact will occur on other sequence of commands.
The mathematic inline stype is created by <ctrl>M and in the display style is created by <cntrol><shift>M.  After LaTeX command is typed, press <SPACE> in way to LyX interpret it. The square root is \sqrt, but the n-th root  is inserted by  \root, exclusive of LyX (does not exist command \root on LaTeX). In the LaTeX, n-th root is inserted using optional parameter on \sqrt, but the optional parameter inside formula can not typed on LyX. Thus the virtual command \root is created.
If press <ctrl><ENTER> inside display formula, it is converted to eqnarray instead of align of AMS package that is recomended. To control it, use the menu "Edit->Math->Change Formula Type". Once the formula is converted apropriatelly,  <ctrl><ENTER> will used to create new line on equations. Note that is possible to create LaTeX macro suing mini buffer instead on preamble. The command created by mini buffer is interpreted to display correctly inside LyX. Teh command defined on preamble is displayed correctly only on DVI/PS or PDF output (inside LyX, the command are shown, not the result). This and other information is on the "help->user guide".

some notes on use of CAS (Computer Algebra System): The LyX will call Octave, Maxima, Mathematica (comercial), or some Maple (comercial) commands to perform calculation of formula, if corresponding ones are installed. To this, type matematical formula and cursor positioned at end of this, enter on "Edit->Math->use Computer Algebra System" and select the desired system to use. The LyX call selected system and on success, put the result as formula. Note that the octave is used for numerical calculus and maxima for symbolic calculus (such as symbolic inttegration). In way to work, the formula need to typed using correct laTeX commands, inclusing function name. When the formula is changed, need to recalculate.

Remark 1: The defualt mode for document is "use AMS package automatically" (LaTeX format file is compiled to load AMS package automatically). Are recomended to select "use AMS package", because almos LaTeX does not load AMS package automatically. is is valid when import laTeX document with AMS package. enter on the option "Document->settings" and on "math package", uncheck the "use AMS package automatically" and check the "use AMS package".
The user with knowledge of LaTeX will put several \usepackage command and definitions on the preamble of documents.
Remark 2: The LyX does not run on Win9x. There exist older version that works, but is not easy to configure and not is powerfull as we desire.
Remark 3: The compiler and viewer option will be adjusted by "tools->preferences". On the [file handling], the "converters" list the convertesr (and compilers) and "file formats" list the viewers. these setup will changed is desired.

Remark 5: In way to edito japanese document on LyX using  W32TeX, is necessary to install the additional support file for babel, dsitributed by  http://wiki.lyx.org/Windows/Japanese (does not use hyphenation in japanese, but LyX insist in use to compile). Unpack the file japanese.zip and put the file japanese.ins and  japanese.dtx on the subfolder "share\texmf\tex\latex\japanese" on the pTeX (W32TeX) install. In the case that pTeX is on c:\ptex, the PATH to put files is
C:\pTeX\share\texmf\tex\latex\japanese
Now, go to command line prompt and change to above folder, and call platex to compile japanese.ins
C:\pTeX\share\texmf\tex\latex\japanese>platex japanese.ins
Now, change to folder bin of pTeX (W32TeX) and execute the texhash
C:\pTeX\bin>texhash
DVI out, ghost script, etc need to be configured with japanese support. See the site http://wiki.lyx.org/Windows/Japanese for detail.

TeXMaker/TeXMakerX (detail)

TeXMaker's site: http://www.xm1math.net/texmaker/
TeXMakerX's site: http://texmakerx.sourceforge.net/
The TeXmaker is cross platform LaTeX editor that originated famous LaTeX editor kile used on Linux system.  The GUI like as kile, but is lightweight and very stable. running on  linux, windows, and MacOSX. It support several encodding, inclusing japanese ones. Will use utf8 to compatinilize document between several platform. In way to use inverse search/forward search, need to configure TeXMaker and the yap manually. Are recomended to configure PDF viewer as sumatraPDF. The TeXmaker does not support PDF sync yet.
The 1.9 changed their GUI design and added inline spell checking. The 2.0 added embeeded PDF viewer and 2.1 becames with syncTeX support to sincronize editor and embeeeded PDF viewer.
The TeXMakerX is extended version of TeXMaker that has same GUI (relative to same version number), but more featured. Thus, it is recomended than original TeXmaker ones. On Windows, it detect MikTeX automatically and support DDE (required to SyncTeX). In this document, explain over TeXMaker setup, but the setup of the TeXMakerX is same.

The spell checker: The word list used for spell checking on TeXMaker is same of the Open Office available on the site  http://lingucomponent.openoffice.org/. Following the link, the brazilian portuguese is on http://www.broffice.org/verortografico/baixar). Download the "VERO -- Verificador ortográfico", unpack and copy the files " pt_BR.dic" and "pt_BR.aff" to TeXmaker's folder (c:\Program Files\texmaker). Now, enter on "Options->Configure TeXMaker" and on the "spelling dictionary", select the added dictionary using file browse  (If not super user, will place dictionary on the your folder). For other language, the process is similar.

TeXMaker/TeXMakerX setup for source specials and syncTeX (forward/inverse search)
Note that the path separator inside TeXmaker is the "/" and is not the "\". The setup of TeXMaker for forward search becames like as follows.
LaTeX: latex --src --synctex=-1 -interaction=nonstopmode %.tex
PDFLaTeX: pdflatex --synctex=-1 -interaction=nonstopmode %.tex
dvips: dvips -o %.ps %.dvi
Bibtex: bibtex %
Makeindex: makeindex %.idx
Dvi Viewer (TeXMaker case): "C:/Program Files/MikTeX 2.7/miktex/bin/yap.exe" -1 -s @%.tex %.dvi
Dvi Viewer (TeXMakerX case): "C:/Program Files/MikTeX 2.7/miktex/bin/yap.exe" -1 -s @?c:m.tex %.dvi
PS Viewer: "C:/Program Files/Ghostgum/gsview/gsview32.exe" -e %.ps
Pdflatex: pdflatex -interaction=nonstopmode %.tex
Dvipdfm: dvipdfm %.dvi
Pdf Viewer (x)Embeeded viewer ( )External viewer: "C:/Program Files/sumatrapdf/sumatrapdf.exe" -reuse-instance %.pdf
metapost: mpost --interaction nonstopmode
ghostscript: "C:/Program Files/gs/gs8.63/bin/gswin32c.exe"

TeXMaker's Embeeded PDF viewer
Since TeXMaker 2.1, the embeeded PDF viewer support syncTeX (click on right button over PDF for inverse search). For printing or like, click on "external viewer" on  right upper corner on embeeded PDF viewer. Will select external viewer as default PDF viewer, but TexMaker does not ahve DDE and sync with sumatrapdf using syncTeX does not wok as desired.
In way to use Adobe Reader instead on sumatraPDF, need to put
Pdf Viewer: "C:/Program Files/Adobe/Reader 8.0/Reader/AcroRd32.exe" %.pdf
but remember that the TeXMaker casn not close document on Adobe Reader because DDE communication need to this is not implemented. Thus, recommened o keep embeeded PDF viewer as default.

yap setup for inverse search:
On the yap, enter on "view->Options"and on [inverse search] tab, click on the button [new] to create new editor setup.
On "TeX editor",
Name: TeXMaker (or TeXMakerX)
Specify the program you want to use to edit tex sources: C:\Program Files\Texmaker\texmaker.exe
Specify the program arguments: "%f" -line %l
In this way, the option for TeXmaker is created as
Command line (TeXMaker case): C:\Program Files\Texmaker\texmaker.exe "%f" -line %l
Command line (TeXMakerX case): C:\Program Files\Texmakerx\texmakerx.exe "%f" -line %l
Obs.: Only difference between TeXMaker and TeXMakerX is the program path.
.
TeXMakerX setup for syncTeX (forward/inverse search for PDF):
Change command line options for sumatrapdf as
Pdf Viewer: "C:/Program Files/sumatrapdf/sumatrapdf.exe" -reuse-instance -inverse-search """C:\Program Files\Texmakerx\texmakerx.exe""" """%%f""" -line %%l" "?am.pdf"

The SyncTeX (PDFsync) does not works between TeXMaker and sumataPDF because TeXmaker does not ahve DDE commmunication implemented. Thus, use embeeded viewer for it on TeXMaker 2.1 or newer.  If desire to use sumatraPDF ith syncTeX, use TeXmakerX instead. To setup SyncTeX (PDF sync), see the form on the site of TeXMakerX.

In way to use Adobe Reader with forward search, need to use hyperref. See
http://texmakerx.svn.sourceforge.net/viewvc/texmakerx/trunk/utilities/usermanual_en.html#SECTION37
for detail. Note that this trick does not solve inverse seach. Thus, Adobe Reader is not apopriate to use as PDF viewer on (La)TeX editors.

japanese file
The initially version of TeXMaker have support to shift jis (japanese encodding of windows), but lost these native support on non-japanese windows when changed Qt3 to Qt4.
The actual version of W32TeX becames with uptex/uplatex with unicode support, but for arleady edited documents, need it.
To activate native japanese support on newer TeXMaker, need the qjpcodecs4.dll. See here for detail to perform this setup.

TeXnicCenter

site: http://www.texniccenter.org/
it is probably the most popular free LaTeX editor for Windows. Before TeXMaker became cross platform, TeXnicCenter has one of most important competitor of WinEdt (comercial). Note that the LyX is not cross platform at this time. The TeXNicCenter support SyncTeX (PDF sync) when use sumatraPDF as PDF viewer.
On the first run, the TeXNicCenter enter on setup "wizard" that in most case, only need to go [next], but the newer MikTeX version will not detected automatically. In this case, need to indicate  the folder containning "latex.exe" and like. The MikTeX ones is on "c:\Program Files\miktex 2.7\miktex\bin" or like.
Now, test the TeXnicCenter, editing some file and compilling. Is need to save file before compile, indicating explicit ".tex" extension when give the file name. The compile button stay on right or select of "output profile" (default is "LaTeX=>DVI"). The button has design of one arrow down over stack of papers. To view resulting DVI file, use "lupe" button. The circle on DVI showed on yap is the porsition near of TeXnicCenter cursor position. The feature that found position corresponding to editor cursor is denominated of the "forward search". Now, check the setup of "inverse search" on YAP. When double click on some text on DVI, yap set the cursosr position on TeXnicCenter, near to corresponding source code. It if called the "inverse search".  If it is not working or does not know, Enter on "view->options" on yap and on "inverse search", on "program", select the "TeXnicCenter". If the TeXnicCenter is not on the list, probably TeXnicCenter is not configured correctly to use yap.
Now test the other output format like "LaTeX=>PS" and "LaTeX=>PDF" on the  "output" of TeXnicCenter. If one or other option does not work, verify if the MikTeX, Ghostscript+GSView, and sumatraPDF is working correctly. In the case of problem, the [wizard] button on "Build->define output profiles" on TeXnicCenter permit to reconfigure again.

Additional dictionary file for TeXnicCenter
The TeXnicCenter use same dictionary file of Open Office distributed from http://lingucomponent.openoffice.org/ to perform spell checking. (Following the link, the brazilian ones is on the http://www.broffice.org/verortografico/baixar). In the brazilian case, download the file on "VERO -- Verificador ortográfico" and copy the files "pt_BR.dic" and "pt_BR.aff" to the subfolder "language" of TeXnicCenter, normally is "c:\Program Files\texniccenter\language". Now, on the TeXnicCenter, enter on "tools->options",  and in the painel "spelling":
language: pt
dialect: BR
Check the all options on "options for spelling".
For other language, the process is similar. To change between dictionary, enter on "tools->options" and select the desired on on the "spelling".
The TeXnicCenter mark miss spelling word by red underline, and will replaced by their sugestions using right click of mouse over the word.

Adjusting the output profiles manually
The "output profiles" is the rule to compile and will be configured, using "Build->Build pofiles".
When run the texniccenter at first time, perform automatic setup ("wizard") and will reconfigured by "wizard" button on "build->define output profiles". But will want to perform some change on default "output profiles", or solve manually when the mistake of setup occur. The most common case of setup mistake are: forget to run/close yap before TeXnicCenter stup, using PCTeX or othet TeX and yap is not default DVI viewer, sumatraPDF or Adobe Reader not installed, etc. In this case, setup yap as defualt DVI viewer, install sumatraPDF, etc and run the "wizard" on "build->define outpuit profiles".
If the problem persist or want to refine rule or add new rule, need to perform manuall setup by "build->define output profiles".

setup of TeXnicCenter with SyncTeX (PDF sync)
In way to syncronize PDF viewer and TeXnicCenter as in forward serach/inverse search of yap, TeXnicCenter and sumatraPDF support PDF sync features. To use, the setup need to performed manually.
In the case of latex/pdflatex has direct support of PDF sync as recent version of MikTeX, put the parameter "--synctex=-1" ("-synctex=-1") on the latex/pdflatex call in way to compiled as PDF sync. If use "--synctex=1" ( or "-synctex=1"), i.e., "1" instead of "-1", the information file generated by synctex is compressed by gzip to reduce size.

On the "LaTeX=>PDF", painel "(La)TeX", add the parameter for pdfsync.
Command line arguments to pass to the compiler: --synctex=-1 --src -interaction=nonstopmode "%Wm"
Note that the TeXnicCenter original setup will became with "%bm" instead of "%Wm". If not "%Wm" forward search will not work correctly.

To setup forward search using SyncTeX (PDF sync), setup on "LaTeX=>PDF", on the panel "viewer", as
Path of executable: c:\Program Files\sumatraPDF\Sumatrapdf.exe
View project's output: [v] DDE command
Command: [Open("%bm.pdf",0,1,1)]
Server: SUMATRA
Topic: control
Forward search: [v] DDE command
Command: [ForwardSearch("%bm.pdf","%nc",%l,0)]
Server: SUMATRA
Topic: control
Close document before running (La)TeX: [v] Do not close.

Make same change on TeX=>PS=>PDF to have PDF sync support on this profile too.
Remark:
In the case of older TeX that does not have direct support for pdfsync, need to set \usepackage{pdfsync} on the document preamble.

Inverse search setup on the sumatraPDF
In way to sumatraPDF recognize editor in use, need to run, passing apropriate parameter to it. On the TeXnicCenter case, run the followings on the command line
"C:\Program Files\sumatrapdf\SumatraPDF.exe" -inverse-search "\"C:\Program Files\TeXnicCenter\TEXCNTR.EXE\" /ddecmd \"[goto('%f', '%l')]\""
The sumatraPDF store this options to use for inverse search. In the case that are using more than one editor with SyncTeX (PDF sync), need to put these options on the sumatraPDF call inside editor options.
In the TeXNicCenter case, on on "LaTeX=>PDF", on the panel "viewer", as
Path of executable: "C:\Program Files\sumatrapdf\SumatraPDF.exe" -inverse-search "\"C:\Program Files\TeXnicCenter\TEXCNTR.EXE\" /ddecmd \"[goto('%f', '%l')]\""
instead of only the path of sumatraPDF.

GSView setup as single instance
The GSView works as multiple instance as default. It signify that the each run of GSView open the new windows. In way to keep only one windows (single instance), need to put the option "-e" on the call.
On the LaTeX=>PS, select the panel "viewer" and add the "-e " option
command: -e  "%bm.ps"
Both on "view  project's output" and on "forward search".

Solving miktex/yap setup error.
On the "LaTeX=>DVI", on the painel
[LaTeX]
Path to the LaTeX compiler: C:\Program Files\MiKTeX 2.7\miktex\bin\latex.exe
Command line arguments to pass to the compiler: --src  -interaction=nonstopmode "%Wm"
[Viewer]
Path to the executable: C:\Program Files\Miktex 2.7\miktex\bin\yap.exe
View project's output: [v]Command line argument
Command: -1 "%bm.dvi"
Forward search: [v]Command line argument
Command: -1 -s %l"%Wc" "%bm.dvi" 
Close document before running (La)TeX: [v]Do not close
If want to convert resulting DVI to PDF and perform PDF sync, need to add the option "-synctex=-1" on the "command line arguments ..." to generate files required to PDFsync.

On the yap, enter on view->Options and go to tab [inverse search].
If the TeXnicCenter does not appear as option to select, click on the button [new] in way to create new editor setup.
On TeX editor,
Name: TeXNicCenter
Specify the program you wnat to use to edit tex sources: C:\Arquivos de Programas\TeXnicCenter\TEXCNTR.EXE
Specify the program arguments: /ddecmd "[goto('%f', '%l')]"
It create the editor option for TeXNicCenter as
Command line: "C:\Program Files\Latex\TeXnicCenter\TEXCNTR.EXE" /ddecmd "[goto('%f', '%l')]"

sumatraPDF without SyncTeX (PDF sync)
If want to use sumatraPDF without PDF sync, set as
On the "LaTeX=>PDF", on the painel "viewer":
path for executable: c:\Program Files\sumatrapdf\sumatrapdf.exe
view project's output:  [v] command line
command line argument: -reuse-instance "%bm.pdf"
forward search: [v] Command line
command line argument: "%bm.pdf"

solving Adobe Reader setup error
When the some Adobe product is default PDF viewer, TeXnicCenter assume that is using Acrobat Reader. If using Adobe Acrobat (comercial that support PDF editing), can not close automatically the document to perform compilation. Install the Adobe Reader (free one) in parallel and on "build->define output profiles", on "LaTeX=>PDF", on the painel "viewer":
path for executable: c:\Program Files\adobe\acrobat 8.0\reader\acrord32.exe
view project's output:  [v] DDE command.
command: [DocOpen("%bm.pdf")][FileOpen("%bm.pdf")]
server: acroview
topic: control
forward search: [v] DDE command.
command: [DocOpen("%bm.pdf")][FileOpen("%bm.pdf")]
server: acroview
topic: control
Close document before running (La)TeX: [v] DDE command
command: [DocClose("%bm.pdf")]
server: acroview
topic: control
the PATH for Adobe Reader depend of the your version. The name of Adobe Acrobat is acrobat.exe, but need to test if will used for PDF viewer in this case. Note that the Adobe Reader does not have the LaTeX support as auto reload, PDFsync, etc. Thus, recomended to use sumatraPDF as viewer on LaTeX editor. See TeXnicCenter with  PDF sync.

Enable/disable BibTeX and MakeIndx run
On the LaTeX=>DVI, LaTeX=>PS, and LaTeX=>PDF, will enable/disable the use of BibTeX and makeIndex on the painel "LaTeX".
Remark: "Stop compilation if (La)TeX error occur" is checked, stop on first error encoutered.

Adding more "profiles"

Will add more "profiles" for compile/convert manually. Note that to use of PDFsync in final PDF require "-synctex=-1" option on latex/pdflatex call that generate original DVI/PDF.

TeX=>DVI
Select the LaTeX=>DVI
click on copy
On "profiles name", set as "TeX=>DVI"
Select the "TeX=>DVI".
On (La)TeX, "path to the (La)TeX compiler", change the "latex.exe" to "tex.exe"
Disable the BibTeX and MakeIndex (important).
AMSTeX=>DVI

Select the LaTeX=>DVI
click on copy
On "profiles name", set as "AMSTeX=>DVI"
Select "AMSTeX=>DVI".
On (La)TeX, "path to the (La)TeX compiler", change the "latex.exe" to "amstex.exe"
Disable the BibTeX and MakeIndex (important).
DVI=>PS
Copy the LaTeX=>PS and remove check on "run (La)TeX on ...".
Disable MakeIndex and BiBTex
DVIPDFM
Copy the LaTeX=>PDF
disable the LaTeX, MakeIndex, BiBTeX
On the "post processor", click on "new item" button.
Put "dvipdfm" in the field on the list.
Copythe parameters from "post processor" of LaTeX=>PS and change the executable from dvips.exe to dvipdfm.exe:
executable: c:\Program Files\Miktex 2.7\miktex\bin\dvipdfm.exe
arguments: "%Bm.dvi"
PS2PDF
Copy the LaTeX=>PDF
disable the LaTeX, MakeIndex, BiBTeX
On the "post processor", click on the "new item" button.
Put "ps2pdf" in the field on the list.
Copy the parameters from "post processor" on LaTeX=>PS and change the executable field and arguments.
executable: c:\Program Files\gs\gs8.00\bin\gswin32c.exe
arguments: -dBATCH -dNOPAUSE -sDEVICE=pdfwrite -sOutputFile="%Bm.pdf" -c save pop -f "%Mb.ps"
MakeIndx and BiBTeX
If want to disable from LaTeX, PDFLaTeX, etc and use as separated ones, copy the LaTeX=>DVI and disable the LaTeX, unchecking the "run (La)TeX ..."
Outras ferramentas
If want to use some other tools like LaTeX2html, Tex4ht, LaTeX2rtf, etc, perform as above examples.

When the main "output profile" (LaTeX=>DVI, LaTeX=>PS, e LaTeX=>PDF) damaged, will restore using button "wizard" on the "build->define output profiles", that stay on the botton side of window, used to reconfigure TeXnicCenter. The "profiles" added by user keep unchanged.

Some tips on TeXnicCenter

Project file of TeXnicCenter

The project file is used to store additional information to increase features, commonly used when document is divided in parts or is very large.
To create new project, use "file->new project" and set the path and file name of project. The BibTeX and makeIndex will enabled/disabled by each project, independent of default profile setup on "build". when the project file name is given, the TeXnicCenter add on the given path to create new folder. If desire to prevent creation of new folder, set project path after file name. Click on the "empty project" and click in "OK". The TeXnicCenter make TeX file with same name of projeto file. The setup of opened projet is perfomed by "project->properties". The "main files" is the Tex file that is compiled. Note that the BibTeX and MakeIndx will be enabled/disabled using this. The "project->open main file" open the "main file" for edit. When the project file is opened, two compile button is activated: "build output" to compile the project (main file) and the "build current file" to compile only the document on active window. But the 'lupe" open the result of project (main file). Caution for this beahavior. To prevent confusion, when are not using project, clolse using "file->close projetc" and the complier/viewer return to works relative to current file.
When the project file are used, the navegation panel for document is activated in the left side, if "toagle navegator bar" is on. thus, the case of large file (not necessary splited in part), is recomended to use project, due to navegation support. Note that the navegation panel permit to insert label corresponding to navegation item,  using right button of mouse. If file is splited, will open any file included on "main file" by \include{} or \input{}. Try the power of these navegation panel and will discover that the use of project file is nice. The navegation features on TeXMaker are allowed for all files, but TeXNicCenter allows only for files with projects. Thus, several TeXnicCenter users unkwon the existence of this features.

Remark 1: When the TeXnicCenter is started, appear "tips of day". If does not desire this, uncheck the "show tips on stast up" and on "close".
Remark 3: On the windows 9x/NT (before 2000/ME/XP/2003), will occur the error  "xxx.DLL not dound" when TexNicCenter started. In this case, run the  TxcSystemUpdate.exe downloadable from TeXnicCenter site to install required DLL's. The TxcSystemUpdate.exe does not works from read only media such as CD/DVD. If help does not works (activated by F1), install the hhelpinst.exe. It is not necessary if have Internet Explorer >= 4.0 that is tha case except the very older Windows.

TeXWorks (no stable edition yet)

site: http://www.tug.org/texworks/
The PDF sync support outside of MacOSX is not tribial. On the windows, it becames posible only due to sumatraPDF on 2008 and on the linux, no decent support exists (in 2009). The lack of PDF sync is one of most cause that the LaTeX user keep using DVI file that hope to say good bye. In 2008, the TeXWorks project is started to implement open source cross platform environment with editor and integrated PDF viewer syncronized by PDF sync. The test version is on the development site.

Gummi (development version)

site: http://gummi.midnightcoding.org/
This LaTeX editor became features that compile at runtime, i. e., when some part of the source file are edited, it recompile automatilcally and always show PDF corresponding to last change without manual compile. Other main features is to compile file using temporary folder (where auxiliar files like log, aux, toc, etc are generated), keeping source folder always clean.
The windows version is released in dezember of 2011.
Caution: The almost LaTeX editor save file when compile. Since Gummi compile automatically, the user will forget to save during considerable time. In the time in time, save the file manually.

Other editors

The WinShell are used largelly by japanese due to their japanese editing support. It is distributed freelly, but is not the open source software. The WinShell support PDFsync and spell checker in real time (when typping), using dictionary of Open Office ones.
Emacs is classical profissional editor with support for programming language and similar, inlcusing the LaTeX, supporting almost encoddings. It is first LaTeX epecific editor that supported japanese on non asiatic windows.
For very older computer, WinTeXShell is recomended. For example, basic MikTeX or W32TeX with WinTeXShell substitute the PCTeX32 (comercial). It integrate with ispell (need to installed and configured). Remember to save document before spell check, because any communication erro lock the WinTeXShell. The WinTeXShell is light weight, but is not much featured.

WinShell: http://www.winshell.de/
NTEmacs: http://ntemacs.sourceforge.net/
WinTeXShell: http://www.projectory.de/texshell/

For other softwares, see the Helper Applications.